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Agricultural Cost Share Program

The Agriculture Cost Share Program (ACSP) is designed to improve water quality on agricultural lands by helping interested participants install, and in some cases help fund, Best Management Practices. Below is a description of some of the Best Management Practices (BMPs) that help improve water quality that are offered through this program.

Best Management Practices

Stream Protection Management

Livestock Exclusion System - Livestock is fenced out of surface waters including streams and ponds and an alternative source of water is provided. Benefits include stream protection, reduced erosion, reduced sediments and nutrients in surface water, better herd management and healthier animals. Components of a Livestock Exclusion System may include fencing, alternative watering system, and constructed stream crossings. 

Heavy Use Area Protection - Stabilizing a damaged area used frequently and intensively by animals. Improvements to water quality include reduced soil erosion, sedimentation and pollution from particulates.


LE watering


stream exclusion



 Watering Tanks

 Livestock Exclusion Fencing

 Stream Crossing


Erosion and Nutrient Management

Cover Crop - Grow a crop or mixture of crops primarily for seasonal soil protection, erosion control and soil health improvement. Cover crops help cycle plant nutrients, add organic matter to the soil, improve infiltration, aeration and tilth, improve soil quality, reduce crusting and sequester carbon/nutrients.

Cropland Conversion - Establish and maintain a conservation cover of grass, trees, or wildlife plantings on fields previously used for crop production. Benefits include reduced soil erosion, sedimentation and pollution from particulates.

Crop Residue Management - Maintain cover on 60% of the soil surface at planting to protect water quality and provide seasonal soil protection from wind and rain erosion, adds organic matter to the soil, conserves soil moisture and improves infiltration, aeration and tilth.

Grassed Waterway - Construct a channel and establish vegetation for the stable conveyance of runoff. Benefits may include reduced soil erosion, sedimentation and pollution from particulates. 

Long Term No-Till - Plant crops using a no-till system for five consecutive years, maintaining at least 80% residue on the soil surface at planting. Benefits include reduced soil erosion, sedimentation, and pollution from particulates.

Prescribed Grazing - Managing the intensity, frequency, duration, timing, and number of grazing animals on pastureland in accordance with site production limitations, rate of forage growth and nutritional needs of the grazing animals. Benefits include reduced soil erosion and compaction, improved nutrient availability, improved forage and livestock health and improved water quality.


Nutrient Management - Plan the amount, form, placement and timing of nutrient application to minimize loss of nutrients to surface and groundwater. Benefits include improved water quality.  



 Cover Crop

 Grassed Waterway

Waste Management 

Dry Stack - Fabricate a structure for temporary storage of livestock waste. This allows for improved management of waste application. Benefits include reduced nutrient pollution into surface and groundwater.

Mortality Management Systems - Install a facility for managing livestock mortalities to minimize water quality impacts or to produce a material that can be recycled as a soil amendment and fertilizer substitute. This can include a composter, freezer to store until offsite disposal, or incinerator to cremate carcasses.

Waste Application Systems - Convey and distribute livestock waste, in an environmentally safe manner, from waste treatment and storage structures to agricultural fields as part of an irrigation and waste utilization plan. This includes Mobile Application Systems, Solid Set Systems or an Underground Main and Hydrant System. Litter Spreaders are a commonly used Mobile Application System.

 Incinerator  waste  Waste



 Mobile Waste Application System


Agrichemical Pollution Prevention

Agrichemical Handling Facility - Install a structure that provides an environmentally safe means of mixing agrichemicals and filling tanks. Benefits include prevention of degradation of surface water, groundwater and soil from unintentional release of pesticides and fertilizers.

Precision Agrichemical Application - A GPS system that enables reduction and greater control of fertilizer and pesticide application by avoiding excessive overlapping, unnecessary application on end/turn rows and more precise control of application rates.

For more information and a complete list of BMPS, please contact us or visit the Division of Soil and Water Conservation's ACSP website.