A vector is any organism that can transmit disease-causing agents, such as a virus or bacterium. Control of the vector can prevent and control some diseases. However, in order to control vectors, detailed knowledge must be acquired about their life cycle, preferred hosts and transmission cycles as well as surveillance of populations and habitats.
Most vector-borne diseases in the U.S. are animal diseases that are sometimes spread to humans. Often the disease in humans is worse than in the animals. Different vectors may spread the disease from animal to animal or from animal to humans. Such vectors include but are not limited to: mosquitoes, flies, fleas, ticks, lice and bedbugs.
By educating the community, Chatham County Environmental Health hopes to reduce the spread of vector borne diseases.
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